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For centuries, education in Vietnam took it’s origin from the Confucian system practiced in China. Young males studied classical Confucian texts when preparing when deciding to take civil service examinations. People who passed the exams were eligible for positions in the bureaucracy. France introduced Western schooling, although few students received training at night elementary level, and literacy rates were low. Major advances in education occurred following the division of Vietnam in 1954. The South adopted knowledge system based on the Usa model, which emphasizes the development of an individual’s skills and talents. The North introduced mass education and trained people for participation in the Communist society depending on the political theories of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin.
After reunification in 1975 the Communist system employed in the North was extended through the entire country, although technology training is now as important as teaching Communist ideology.
About 94 percent of people aged 15 and over is literate. Education is compulsory for youngsters ages 6 to 14. Virtually all children receive primary schooling. Fewer young Vietnamese get a secondary education, however, partly because there is a shortage of adequate facilities, specially in the mountainous areas. Moreover, some families cannot afford to transmit their kids to school, as even public schools impose student fees to assist meet operating costs.
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