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As soon as the defeat with the September Campaign of 1939, when Polish soldiers had experimented with repel the German invasion, the town of Oswiecim as well as the surrounding areas were incorporated within the Third Reich. Concurrently its name was changed to Auschwitz. By the end of 1939, with the SS and Police Headquarters in Wroclaw (Braslau), the thought of setting up a concentration camp had been recently proposed. The state run justification just for this plan took it’s origin from the overcrowding of the existing prisons in Silesia, as well as on require conducting further waves of mass arrest one of many Polish inhabitants each of Silesia as well as the all German-occupied Poland.
Several special committees were convened, whose task it turned out to take into account one of the most favorable position for this type of camp. The best choice fell upon the deserted pre-war Polish barracks in Oswiecim. Situated a ways outside the built up part of the town, they might quite easily be expanded and isolated on the surface world. Another factor not without significance was the convenient position of Oswiecim – an import and railway junction – from the existing communications network.
The order to proceed with intends to found a camp was handed in April 1940, and Rudolf Hoss was appointed its first commandant. On June 14, 1940, the Gestapo dispatched the very first political prisoners to KL Auschwitz – 728 Poles from Tarnow. Initially the camping ground comprised 20 buildings – 14 at walk-out and 6 with an upper floor. Through the period from 1941 to 1942 another story was combined with all ground-floor buildings and eight new blocks were constructed, while using prisoners because the workforce. Altogether the camping ground now contained 28 one-story buildings ( excluding kitchens, storehouses etc. ) The typical amount of prisoners fluctuated between 13-16.000, reaching at one stage ( during 1942 ) an increasing total of 20.000 people. They were accommodated inside the blocks, where perhaps the cellares and lofts were chosen for this function.
As the quantity of inmates increased, the area covered by the camp also, grew, until it had been changed into an enormous and horrific factory of death. The monstrosity in Oswiecim – KL Auschwitz I – had become the parent or "Stammlager" with a whole generation of the latest camps. In 1941 regarding another camp, later called Auschwitz II-Birkenau, was commenced in the village of Brzezinka 3 kilometers away and in 1942 the camping ground in Monowice near Oswiecim-KL Auschwitz III-was established about the territory with the German chemical plant IG-Farbenindustrie. Furthermore, during the years 1942-1944, about 40 smaller branches in the Auschwitz complex occurred these fell beneath the jurisdiction of KL Auschwitz III and were situated mainly nearby steelworks, mines and factories, where prisoners were exploited as cheap labour.
The camp in Oswiecim ( KL Auschwitz I) as well as in Brzezinka (KL Auschwitz II – Birkenau) are maintained as museums open to people. The most crucial constructions and objects in Birkenau are the remnants of four crematoria, gas chambers and cremation pits and pyres, the special unloading platform were the deportees were selected in addition to a pond with human ashes. In Auschwitz this type of construction may be the "Death block."
Furthermore in camps are preserved blocks plus a section of prisoners barracks, the key entrance gates on the camps, sentry watch towers and also barbed wire fences. A few of the constructions destroyed through the Nazis were rebuilt from the original elements – as an example the ovens inside the crematorium I. Some objects were completely destroyed by the SS obliterating the traces of the crimes. Within the installments of special importance the constructions were reproduced through the museum and put into the identical area because they were during the existence of the Auschwitz camp. Above all necessities such as "Death wall" along with the collective gallows with the role-call ground.
The prison blocks in the camp at Auschwitz contain exhibitions portraying a history of Auschwitz or hearing aid technology torments of the numerous nations whose individuals were murdered here. Above the main gate at Auschwitz – by which the prisoners passed each day enroute to work (returning 12 hours or more later) there is a cynical inscription: "Arbeit macht frei" (Work brings freedom). and so on small square with the kitchen the camp ground orchestra would play marsches, mustering the thousands of prisoners so that they could be counted more proficiently from the SS.
That is a short information about a camp and just what you will expect when you are there.
Salt Mine in Wieliczka is another part tours in one day.
Wieliczka Salt Mine near Krakow remembers the periods of the Ancient. It one of the world’s oldest salt mine on the planet. This can be the only mining facility on earth functioning continuously because the Old to the present, allowing the evolution of mining technology in various historical periods. Wieliczka Salt Mine is about 300 km of excavation on 9 levels, the 1st that – how much Bono – visits a depth of 64 meters, even though the latter lies 327 meters underneath the surface. Total length of sidewalks, connecting about 3000 excavation (sidewalks, ramps, service chambers, lakes, wells, shafts), exceeds 300 km. The tourist route is 3 km, consists of 20 chambers located at depths from 64 to 135 meters.
Check out about Zakopane tour from Krakow please visit website: